Edible Gardening - Vegetables

Vegetables

 There are lots of reasons to grow your own vegetables. Four notable benefits include:

Freshness – You can’t get any fresher than 20 feet from your door!

  • Variety – You are in control of the varieties and cultivars of the food crops you choose.
  • Quality – You are in control of the chemicals and additives that go into your vegetables.
  • Simplicity – No hectic trips to the store, and fresh veggies from every season (from Eliot Coleman’s Four Season Harvest

The best thing about gardening is, of course, yielding the fruits of your labor.

With vegetable gardening being one of the most rewarding, we are introducing some new exciting varieties.

PEPPERS:

Along with our old favorites, we’ve got peppers from around the world:

  • Marconi Rosso, a sweet-tasting Italian pepper
  • Carmen a great pepper for roasting and selected for the 2006 All America Award
  • Hungarian Spice, from which genuine Hungarian paprika is produced
  • Thai hot
  • Pepperoncini, a Greek pepper with just the right amount of heat

SQUASH:

  • Goldbar Hybrid, a straight-neck summer squash
  • Greybeard and Golden Girl zucchini
  • Spaghetti Squash, a nutritious, low-calorie substitute for pasta that when cooked and halved will yield strands of spaghetti-like fiber

TOMATOES:

This brings us to tomatoes of which there are endless varieties. This season we will be featuring:

  • Green Zebra, a green-striped salad specialty
  • Lemon Boy, a mild-flavored, wilt- and root-knot nematode resistant fruit
  • San Marzano, a wonderful Italian-suce tomato
  • Black Krim hybrid with a sweet, mild, and rich flavor

WATERMELONS:

Watermelons make a tasty addition to any garden. This spring we will have two of our favorites:

  • Crimson Sweet
  • Sugar Baby

And, as always, Stanley's vegetable selections are grown PESTICIDE FREE!

Other Vegetables We Carry at Stanley's

In the last few years we have seen an increased interest in producing one's own produce/food. Indeed, this great resurgence of the human spirit to reconnect to the earth is both healthy and rewarding. Healthy in the sense that not only are the fruits, herbs, and vegetables you consume increasing your overall vitality, but you have peace of mind knowing what chemicals your plants have or have not been treated with. Each Spring at Stanley's we introduce new and tasty selections of edible plants for your gardens.

EGGPLANT:

  • Rosa Bianca: A colorful, light pink-lavender fruit with white shading. Rich, mild flesh is very popular with chefs and gardeners alike! An Italian heirloom eggplant.
  • Thai Purple Egg: A hard-to-find, small, purple, egg-shaped fruit. The seeds of this tasty variety were collected in Thailand.

MELONS:

  • Petit Gris de Rennes: A sugar-sweet French favorite. Dense 2 lb. fruits have orange flesh and a grey-green rind.
  • Valencia: An old heirloom variety believed to come from Italy. Can keep for months into the winter! Valencia has cream-colored flesh with dark green skin, rare and delicious!

LETTUCES:

  • Australe: A red butter-head type is small and early. Resistant to to Downy Mildew.
  • Coastal Star: Large heavy romaine lettuce similar to "Parris Island" but darker green and more heat tolerant. Good sweet flavor.
  • Paradi: A compact, red, oakleaf lettuce. Highly uniform plants with excellent bolt resistance.

CUCUMBER:

  • Southern Delight: One of the best hybrid cucumbers for continuous yields of late spring to fall crops. Crisp with a delicious texture. Strong disease resistance.

As always at Stanley's we are constantly adding new peppers, tomatoes, and squash varieties. As far as cold crops go we will be carrying cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and brussel sprouts; all frost tolerant in the Knoxville area. They can be planted as early as late February and early March. All of our vegetable plants are grown locally on site at Stanley's, where you can rely on freshness and quality.

Our Favorite Cool Season Vegetable Offerings

  • Brassica Family
  • Broccoli **
  • Brussel Sprouts **
  • Cabbage **
  • Chinese Cabbage (eg. Bok Choy, Napa) **
  • Cauliflower **
  • Kale ***
  • Mizuna *
  • Mustard **

Greens

  • Endive/Escarole (Frisèe) **
  • Lettuce **
  • Spinach ***
  • Swiss Chard ***

Bulbs/Sets

  • Garlic ***
  • Onion ***
  • Shallot *** 

Root Crops

  • Radish **
  • Carrot *

* - Protect from light frost.

** - Protect young plants from light frost, mature plants can withstand light to moderate frost, protect from heavy frost

*** - Mature Plants can withstand moderate to heavy frost, protect young plants from light to moderate frosts.

 

Planting date suggestions for fall/winter crops:

(dates gathered and averaged from a variety of sources) 

Crop Name

Date

Asparagus

11/1-12/15

Broccoli, transplants

through 10/15

Brussel Sprouts

through 10/15

Cabbage

through 10/15

Cabbage, Chinese

through 10/15

Cauliflower

through 10/15

Endive/Escarole

through 10/5

Garlic, set

through 10/31

Kale

through 10/22

Lettuce

through 10/31

Mizuna, seed

through 10/5

Mizuna, transplant

through 10/15

Mustard, seed

through 10/15

Onion, short day varieties, sets

through 10/31

Radish, seed

through 10/20

Shallot, set

through 10/20

Spinach, seed

through 10/5

Spinach, transplant

through 10/31

Swiss Chard

through 10/22

Turnip, seed

through 10/5

 

A Note About Frost Protection:

Plants benefit from Frost Protection in one way or another.  For some varieties, we can keep them alive and producing for an extra couple of weeks, and for some it can increase the plant’s ability to produce.

Sheets - For small spaces and few crops, a simple light-colored bed sheet can be rested over the tender plants to protect them from a mild early frost.  Gently lay the sheet over the plants before the night temperature drops below 35°F, and remove it in the morning when the temperature is above 35°. 

Cloches - Another approach for small or young plants is to use a homemade Cloche.  Cut a gallon milk jug (with cap attached) ¾ of the way around the bottom.  Flip the bottom out and place the jug over plants in the same fashion as the sheet. 

How to make cloches

Figure 1

Cold Frames – for the adventurous gardener, building a cold frame is exciting. It can be as much work as you want to make it, but the simple box below can serve year round!

Cold frames for each season

Figure 2

Some things to do around the Fall Vegetable Garden:

-- Clean up stake and trellis materials from summer garden

  • Disinfecting these materials and store in a cool dry place to prevent the spread of soil and airborne disease and pests.

-- Remember to turn that compost pile!

  • Keep it hot for winter
  • Think about building your supply for spring beds

-- Gather Cloche materials for first frost – set for ~ October 22

  • Milk jugs, or,
  • Venture into cold frames? – Hay bales, plastic or old window-- Thin, trim, harvest, and most of all, enjoy all your fresh locally grown food!
  • Low tunnel supplies – rebar, ¾” pvc pipe, greenhouse grade plastic (as shown in Figure 3, below)

How to build a low tunnel to protect vegetables from frost

Figure 3

Image sources for this article:

  • Stanley's Cloches (Figure 1) copied from Rodale's All New Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening, edited by Fern Marshall Bradley and Barbara W. Ellis, page 130.
  • Stanley's Cold Frames (Figure 2) copied from Rodale's Successful Organic Gardening Vegetables, text by Patricia S. Michalak, page 61.
  • Stanley's Low Tunnel (Figure 3) copied from Four Season Harvest, by Eliot Coleman, page 88. 

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